His Magesty Yellowstone, the Supervolcano

Supervolcanoes are significantly differing from ordinary volcanoes. Not only that they do not have the usual cone-like shape, but the main thing is the strength of an eruption. 

A normal volcanic eruption releases up to one cubic kilometer of magma, but supervulcano ejects at least 1,000 cubic kilometers when  erupts. When the magma chamber of a supervolcano collapses after an eruption, it is leaving a large bowl shape in the ground that is called a caldera. 

 

An eruption of a supervolcano leads to apocalyptic consequences. It destroys everything within a radius of 160 kilometers and arises a 40-kilometer-high ash column that spreads in the atmosphere, blocking the sunlight. As a result, it causes an effect of a nuclear winter since the global temperatures to decrease by 20° for years. 

 

Geologists believe that Yellowstone has erupted as a supervolcano three times in its history: the first time it was about 2 million years ago, the second time - 1.3 million years ago, and the last time - 640,000 years ago, what led to the formation of the current Yellowstone caldera. However, not all the eruptions in Yellowstone were really super volcanic. A smaller eruption occurred about 174,000 years ago, and the latest lava flows - about 70,000 years ago.

Yellowstone is an active volcano. A number of the park’s hydrothermal features indicate that under its territory there is a magma lake with a depth of about 8 km and a temperature of about 800 °. A couple of thousands of Earthquakes  per year also reveal activity below ground.

 

Yellowstone National Park, located directly above the volcano is one of the most beautiful and iconic landscapes of the USA. Also, it is the first national park in the world. It was founded in 1872, and occupies an area of 9000 square kilometer in the states of Wyoming, Montana and Idaho.
 

WHO

Travelers of all ages and ways of life.  Yellowstone offers virtually endless opportunities for hiking, camping, fishing, wildlife-viewing and any other outdoor pursuit.


WHEN

 The periods from May to early June and from September through mid-October offer a chance to experience the park when it's less busy.
 There are too many tourists in the summer, and there is plenty of snow in the winter, so many places are simply inaccessible.


HOW LONG

 ‘American Airlines’, ‘Delta’, ‘SkyWest’ and ‘United’ fly to and from Jackson Hole Airport, which is located right in Grand Teton National Park, just 56 miles of the scenic road from the south entrance of Yellowstone.

  It is also possible to get there by car from any big city; we were driving from San Francisco and it was perfectly great trip.


HOW MUCH

The entry fee is $ 25 per car for 7 days in the Yellowstone NP and also Grand Teton park. You can buy one-year pass to Yellowstone for $ 50, or the one-year pass to all national parks of the United States for $ 80.


HOW TO GET

 ‘American Airlines’, ‘Delta’, ‘SkyWest’ and ‘United’ fly to and from Jackson Hole Airport, which is located right in Grand Teton National Park, just 56 miles of the scenic road from the south entrance of Yellowstone.

  It is also possible to get there by car from any big city; we were driving from San Francisco and it was perfectly great trip.

TRANSPORTATION

 ‘American Airlines’, ‘Delta’, ‘SkyWest’ and ‘United’ fly to and from Jackson Hole Airport, which is located right in Grand Teton National Park, just 56 miles of the scenic road from the south entrance of Yellowstone.

  It is also possible to get there by car from any big city; we were driving from San Francisco and it was perfectly great trip.

VISA

 ‘American Airlines’, ‘Delta’, ‘SkyWest’ and ‘United’ fly to and from Jackson Hole Airport, which is located right in Grand Teton National Park, just 56 miles of the scenic road from the south entrance of Yellowstone.

  It is also possible to get there by car from any big city; we were driving from San Francisco and it was perfectly great trip.

MONEY

 ‘American Airlines’, ‘Delta’, ‘SkyWest’ and ‘United’ fly to and from Jackson Hole Airport, which is located right in Grand Teton National Park, just 56 miles of the scenic road from the south entrance of Yellowstone.

  It is also possible to get there by car from any big city; we were driving from San Francisco and it was perfectly great trip.

EVERYDAY NEEDS

 ‘American Airlines’, ‘Delta’, ‘SkyWest’ and ‘United’ fly to and from Jackson Hole Airport, which is located right in Grand Teton National Park, just 56 miles of the scenic road from the south entrance of Yellowstone.

  It is also possible to get there by car from any big city; we were driving from San Francisco and it was perfectly great trip.

Yellowstone is an active volcano. A number of the park’s hydrothermal features indicate that under its territory there is a magma lake with a depth of about 8 km and a temperature of about 800 °. A couple of thousands of Earthquakes  per year - also reveal activity below ground.

 

Yellowstone National Park, located directly above the volcano is one of the most beautiful and iconic landscapes of the USA. Also, it is the first national park in the world. It was founded in 1872, and occupies an area of 9000 square kilometer in the states of Wyoming, Montana and Idaho.

 

Yellowstone National park is magnetically beautiful place due to its volcanic history. Three major eruptions of the park have created three nested calderas. Lava flows, rising magma domes,
tectonic shifting, the area’s system of geysers, thermal pool and other hydrothermal wonders have all formed the magnificent landscape. There you can walk by broad walks along the gazer fields and, if you have enough time,  you can see all 10 thousand geothermal wonders of the park. 

But also there are quite a number of other natural beauties, apart from the gazers. Yellowstone is a home for 1870 types of plants and 60 types of mammals, such as links, wolves, grizzly and black bears, as well as different types of deers. 

Even from the window of your car, you can see the herds of bison, an alive symbol of the Great Plains. Some of them come to the road and do not hesitate at all - such cute giants as if they’re posing for the camera. 

An adult bison male can weigh about one tone and can consume 25 kilos of grass in one day, eating 11 hours a day. Having such a heavy body, bison is not awkward at all: it can run up to 60 km per hour, quickly spin around quickly, jump over high fences and also is good in swimming. Definitely , bison is worthy of being the symbol of America!

By the way, it is formally recognised: on May 9, 2016, President Obama signed the National Bison Legacy Act into law, officially making the American bison the national mammal of the United States.

Travel tips:

 

1. Yellowstone National Park is a great tourist attraction and a beautiful place to visit. Yellowstone consists of 300 Geysers including famous Old Faithful geyser and contains half of the world’s geothermal features like hot springs and mud spots etc.
 

3.  Walking in Yellowstone, you must stay on boardwalks: the hot springs consist from water and acids and have a temperature up to 121 C.

 

4. There might be no wifi connection in remote areas, so advise your loved ones beforehand.

 

5. Never feed wildlife and never approach animals. It is dangerous both for you and for them.

 

6. To get the most out of your visit, make any necessary reservations, such as for campgrounds or cabins, well in advance, and plan the trip during the "shoulder season" to beat the crowds. 

 

7. Yellowstone National Park is a giant reserve, which is worth a few days. The largest  concentration of animals you may find in the following places (take a map or navigator):

* Lamar Valley;

* The Tower-Roosevelt;

* Hayden Valley;

* Geyser basins;

* The Kitchen Sink.